The decline in financial resources dedicated to research and innovation has yet to have a visible effect on scientific output, which has increased compared to the last period analysed. In quantitative terms, the SIR 2013 data show that in the period from 2007-2011, universities generated more than half of the scientific output of Catalonia, while hospitals, primarily affiliated with universities, and other health centres contributed one-third, other research centres (government sector) produced 16.3%, and private companies 0.2%. These figures show significant variation in contrast with the 2006-2010 period, exhibiting a considerable increase in the contribution of government research centres (from 7% to 16.3%), primarily due to the visibility of Catalonia-based CSIC centres in the SIR 2013 , and the resulting loss of weight for universities (57% to 51%) and the health sector (36% to 32.4%).
The high output of researchers at Catalan universities means that they again hold top positions at the national level. The average number of publications per full-time equivalent researcher in the year 2013 (1.23 publications) was higher than that reported in the two previous reports (0.94 in 2011 and 1.18 in 2012), at 86% above the rest of Spain (0.66).